بررسی کارآیی مصرف ماده آلی اسید هیومیک در مقایسه با کود شیمیایی، کود دامی و تلفیقی در گیاه مرزه (Satureja hortensis L.)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی پژوهش، بخش منابع طبیعی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان تهران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اراک

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تاثیر ماده آلی اسید هیومیک در مقایسه با کود شیمیایی و کود دامی، تحقیقی در سال‌های زراعی 90- 1388 به مدت 3 سال در ایستگاه تحقیقاتی خجیر در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 6 تیمار در سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارهای مورد بررسی شامل اسید هیومیک، کود شیمیایی (N100P80K100)، کود دامی (30 تن در هکتار کود پوسیده گاو)، مخلوط اسید هیومیک + نصف ‌‌کود شیمیایی، مخلوط اسید هیومیک+ 10 تن کود دامی در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد بود. بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده، مصرف اسید هیومیک باعث افزایش معنی‌دار اکثر صفات مورد مطالعه همچون طول ریشه، ارتفاع بوته، تعداد شاخه های فرعی، وزن خشک برگ در بوته، وزن خشک اندام‌هوایی، وزن‌تر اندام‌هوایی، عملکرد ماده خشک، عملکرد اسانس، عملکرد بذر نسبت به شاهد گردید. کود شیمیایی با 88/28 کیلوگرم، کود دامی با 41/27 کیلوگرم، مصرف اسید هیومیک با 34/23 کیلوگرم، تیمار مخلوط اسید هیومیک با کود شیمیایی با 19/22 کیلوگرم و تیمار مخلوط اسید هیومیک با کود دامی با 92/22 کیلوگرم در هکتار عملکرد اسانس افزایش معنی‌داری نسبت به شاهد (87/16 کیلوگرم) داشتند. تیمار 100% کود شیمیایی بیشترین عملکرد اسانس را داشت. بنابراین در زراعت گیاه مرزه مصرف اسید هیومیک به لحاظ افزایش عملکرد ماده خشک و عملکرد اسانس توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


1-Alizadeh-Sahzabi, A., Sharifi-Ashorabadi, E., Shirani-Rad, A and Abaszadeh, B., 2007. The effects of different methods and levels of using nitrogen on some quality and quantity characteristics of Satureja hortensis L. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research 23(3): 416-431.(In Persian).

2-Ananth, V.  A and Kumar,  R. S., 2012.  Effect of growth substances on growth and flower yield of Nerium (Nerium oleander l.). Indian Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 1(02-03). pp.187-19.

3-Akbarinia, A., Ghalavand, A., Sefidkan, F., Rezaee, M and Sharifi ashoorabadi, A., 2003. Evaluation of quality and quantity on essential oil content of Carum copticum. Journal of Research and Development. 61: 32-41. (In Persian).

4-Aiken, G. R., McKnight, D. M., Wershaw, R.L, and MacCarthy, P., 1985. Humic Substances in Soil, Sediment, and Water. Wiley-Inter science, New   York. USA

5-Albayrak, S and Camas, N., 2005. Effect of different levels and application times of humic acid on root & leaf yield and yield component of forage Turnip (Brassica rapa L.). Agronomy Journal. 42: 130-133.

6-Asgary, M., Habib, D., Naderi, Gh. 2011. Effect of Vermi compost, Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria and Humic Acid on Growth Factores of Mentha piperita L., in CentralProvince. Iranian Journal of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Volume 7, Number 4, winter, 41-54. (In Persian)

7-Baher Nik, Z., Mirza, M., Ghorbanli, M. and Rezaii, M,. 2002. 'The influence of water stress on plant height, herbal and essential oil yield and composition in Satureja hortensis L.'. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 17 (4): 275-277.

8-Bennett, V., Gardner, K and Steiner, J. P., 1988. Brain adducin: a protein kinase C substrate that may mediate site-directed assembly at the spectrinactin junction. J. Biol. Chem. 263(12), 5860–5869.

9-Daneshkhah, M., Kafi, M., Nikbakht, A and Mirjalili, M, H., 2007. Effect of different levels of nitrogen and potassium on yield indicators and oil of Rosa damascena. Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology. 8(2): 83-90. (In Persian)

10-Dursun, A., Güvenc, I, and Turan, M., 2002. Effects of different levels of humic acid on seedling growth and macro- and micro-nutrient contents of tomato and eggplant. Acta Agrobotanica, 56: 81-88.

11-Fatemi, H., Ameri, A., and Aminifard, M, H. 2011. Investigation of Effect of humic acid Fertilizer on growth and Yield of Ocimum basilicum under Field Conditions. 1st National Conference on New Concepts in Agriculture. Faculty of Agriculture, Saveh Branch, Islamic AzadUniversity (IAU). November. 678-683.

12-Fernandez, R., Scull, R., Gonzales, J.L., Crespo, M., Sanchez, E., and Carballo, C. 1993. Effect of fertilization on yield and quality of Matricaria reculita L. (Chamomile). Aspects of mineral nutrition of the crop. Memorias 11th Congreso Latinoamericano de la Ciencia del Suelo. 2ed Congresso cubcno de la Ciencia del Suelo 3: 891-894.

13-Francies, C. A., Bulter, F. C, and King, L. D., 1990. Sustainable agriculture in Temperate Zones. New York. John Wiley and Sons, U.S.A. 487p.

14-Gendy A.S.H., Said-Al Ahl, H.A.H. and Abeer, A. M., 2012 . Growth, Productivity and Chemical Constituents of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Plants as Influenced by Cattle Manure and Biofertilizers Treatments Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6(5):1-12.

15-Grant, C. A. and Bailey, L. D., 1993. Fertility management in canola production. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 73:651-870

16-Ghorbanli, M. 2003.  Plant Physiology (3). PayameNoorUniversity press. 304 p

17-Gyaneshwar, P.; Kumar, N.J.; Pareka, L.J. & Podle, P.S. (2002). Role of Soil Microorganisms in Improving P Nutrition of Plants. Plant and Soil, Vol. 245, No. 1, (August 2002), pp. 83-93, ISSN 1573-5036

18-Holmes, M. R., 1985. Nitrogen top-dressing requirements of winter oilseed rape . Journal Science Food and Agriculture. 31:119-127

19-Jamzad, Z., 2010. Thymus and Satureja species of Iran, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran. 172 p.

20-Kalra, A., 2003. Organic cultivation of Medicinal and aromatic plants. A hope for sustainability and quality enhancement. Journal of Organic Production of Medicinal, Aromatic and Dye-Yielding Plants (MADPs), FAO, 198 p.

21-Khalid, K. A., Abou-Hussien, S. D. and Salman, S. R., 2006 . Influence of sulphur and biofertilizer (Sulphur-Oxidizing Bacteria) on the growth, oil and chemical composition of celery plant., Annals of Agricultural Science (Cairo), Vol: 50, Issue: 1, Pages: 249-262.

22-Kiani, M., Nabavi, M. and  Kelarestaghe, K., 2011. Effect of Humic acid and Phosphorus on Flower Yield in Matricaria chamomile. Sixth Conference on New Ideas in agriculture. Islamic AzadUniversity Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch. 2-3 March. 2432-2436.

23-Lebaschi, M. H., Matin, A., and Sharifi-Ashurabadi, A., 2004. Comparing the agricultural and natural ecosystems in the production of hypericin. Research and Construction in Natural Resources, 16(2): 48-54.

24-Liu, C, and Cooper, R. J., 2000. Humic substances influence creeping bent grass growth. Golf Course Management 49-53.

25-Malakouti, M. J. and Riazi Hamedani, S. A. H., 1991. Fertilizer and Fertility. University of Tehran press. 800 page

26-Mallanagouda, B., 1995. Effects of N. P.K and fym on growth parameters of onion, garlic and coriander. Journal of Medic and Aromatic Plant Science, 4: 916-918.

27-Mir Haydar, H., 1995. Maaref-e Ghiahi. Vol. 1. Office of Islamic Culture, Tehran, 539 pages

28-Mohammadipour, E., Golchin, A., Mohammadi, J., Negahdar, N, and Zarchini, M., 2012. Effect of Humic Acid on Yield and Quality of Marigold (Calendula officinalis L.). Annals of Biological Research, 3 (11):5095-5098.

29-Mohebi, N., Bakhsh kelarestaghi, K., and farahmand fard, B., 2012. Evaluation the effect of diffrent level of animal manure and corm density on flowering of saffron (Crocus sativus L.). The 6st International Conference on New Ideas in Agriculture. Islamic AzadUniversity Khorasgan Branch. 29 Feb

30-Rahimzadeh, S., Sohrabi, Y., Heydari, G and Pirzadeh, A., 2011. Effect of bio and chemical fertilizers on yield and quality of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 25: 335-343 (In Persian).

31-Sabahi H., Liaghati H., Viesi H. (2010). Effect of organic and inorganic fertikizers on soil microbial biomass and mineral during canola (Brassica napus L.) development. 13th Ramiran Conference,Integrated manure and organic wastes management at the farm level. Lisbon. Portuguese.

32-Saeed Nejhad AH, Rezvani Moghadam P. 2010. Evaluation of consumption of compost, vermicompost and manure fertilizers on yield,yield components of Cumin and essence percentage. Horticulture sciences journal. Volume 24. No 2. P 142-148.

33-Said-Al Ahl, H. A. H., Hasnaa Ayad, S, and Hendawy, S. F., 2009. Effect of potassium humate and nitrogen fertilizer on herb and essential oil of oregano under different irrigation intervals. Journal of Applied Sciences 2(3).

34-Sangeetha, M., Singaram P, and Uma Devi, R., 2006.Effect of lignite humic acid and fertilizer on yield of onion and nutrient availability. International Onion of soil Science. 21,163

35-Sefidkon, F., Abbasi, K. and Bakhshi Khaniki, G., 2006. 'Influence of drying and extraction methods on yield and chemical composition of the essential oil of Satureja hortensis'. Food Chemistry, 99: 19-23.

36-Tahami Zarandi, S.M.K., Rezvani Moghadam, P., and Jahan, M. 2010. Comparison the effect of organic and chemical fertilizers on yield and essential oil percentage of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Journal of Agroecology 2:70-82. (In Persian)

37-Turkmen, O., Dursun, A., Turan, M, and Erdinc, C., 2004. Calcium and humic acid affect seed germination, growth, and nutrient content of tomato. Soil and Plant Science 54: 168-174.