بررسی عملکرد و شاخص‌های ارزیابی کشت مخلوط ذرت و عدس

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 گروه زراعت واصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی عملکرد و شاخص‌های ارزیابی کشت مخلوط ذرت و عدس، یک آزمایش فاکتوریل در سال زراعی 1391 در دانشکده‌ کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز  بر پایه‌ طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار اجرا گردید. عامل اول تاریخ‌های کاشت عدس شامل 6، 16 و 26 اردیبهشت ماه و عامل دوم تراکم‌های کاشت آن و شامل 5/12%، 25%، 5/37%، 50 % و 100% تراکم مطلوب آن همراه با ذرت بود. نتایج نشان داد که عملکرد دانه ذرت و عدس در شرایط تک کشتی حداکثر بود و با حضور عدس در کشت مخلوط، از عملکرد دانه ذرت کاسته شد. نسبت برابری زمین فقط در تیمار کاشت عدس در 16 اردیبهشت ماه با حداقل تراکم آن کمتر از  واحد بود و در بقیه تیمارهای کشت مخلوط نسبت به تک‌کشتی برتری داشت که از بین آن‌ها نیز تیمار اولین تاریخ کاشت عدس با حداقل تراکم آن به دلیل دارا بودن بیشترین مجموع ارزش نسبی معادل 4/1 به عنوان سودمند‌ترین حالت کشت مخلوط توصیه می‌شود.

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